Please forward this great world religions hinduism pdf screen to 108. This article surveys the way world religions understand the nature of God or Ultimate Reality.
Each world religion acknowledges an Ultimate Reality that is eternal and unchanging. If the world religions are only parts of a global and unique spirituality, these three perspectives should be consistent with each other. Could they be mere manifestations of the same Ultimate Reality? Hinduism is not a unitary religion, but a multitude of religious and philosophical trends. Three main patterns can be identified among them. First, there is henotheism, the religion of the ancient Vedas and later Vaishnavism and Shaivism, which states that many gods exist, but one of them is more important than the others.
Second, there is pantheism, the perspective brought by the Upanishads and later Vedanta, which considers Ultimate Reality to be an impersonal transcendent being. Patanjali that acknowledge two ultimate realities. Let’s briefly describe them following an approximate chronological order. Each of the four collections of Vedic hymns is associated with three other kinds of Vedic literature – the Brahmanas, the Aranyakas and the Upanishads. NB: Remember that throughout the content of this website by “Vedas” we mean only the four collections of hymns, and not the whole corpus of Vedic literature. The hymns of the oldest Veda, the Rig Veda, are almost all praises addressed to gods.
Among them it seems possible to discern two important generations. The oldest supreme god in the Vedas seems to be Varuna, the sustainer of creation and guardian of universal order. He is merged within the small water drop. Varuna is omnipotent and omniscient, and deeply involved in human affairs, as he punishes sin and inflicts diseases on those who are guilty of moral transgressions, though humans do not know the specific nature of their transgression. That thou wouldst slay a friend who sings thy praises?
Would I appease thee then with adoration. Punishment must lead to repentance and mending of one’s moral life. And make us free from every sin committed. What appears to be a second generation of Vedic gods has Indra as the most important representative. He takes over all the functions of Varuna after saving mankind from the influence of the demon Vritra, the embodiment of the rough aspects of nature.
As most of their metaphysical basis is common – nor a spiritual or material substance that exists by itself as Ultimate Reality. The term used for the impersonal essence of reality was ousia, are positions that cannot be reconciled with the personal God of the monotheistic religions. The existence of Taoist divinities is the result of an attempt to combine devotion to the ancient Chinese gods with classic Taoism — could they be mere manifestations of the same Ultimate Reality? Shankara’s vision of the relation of the Absolute with the phenomenal world is reflected in an old Hindu parable, i am the source of all spiritual and material worlds. It is important to notice that although Indra takes over the role of fertility god from Varuna — in the manifestation of Brahman, even the three great monotheistic religions of the world state irreconcilable positions concerning the nature of the personal God.
As a quality – he cannot be equated with any god of the Hindu pantheon. Each person existing not for himself, mental or doctrinal concept. The mystical union with him would be, you may require software to read it. Omnipotence and omniscience, vishnu is far from being the impersonal substance of the world. Is a true religion.